A historic deal between Iran and the world’s superpowers was ratified in Vienna on July 14. Marathon negotiations have been taking place since a preliminary agreement about Iran's nuclear program was reached in April.
After missing numerous deadlines – the first of which passed on June 30 – yesterday’s all-night talks resulted in an announced agreement:
Although at press time, the official document containing the deal was not available, a senior diplomat said the deal included:
- U.N. inspectors may ask for access to visit military sites
- ?Access does not have to be automatically granted
- Access may be delayed
- Iran is allowed to challenge any U.N. request for inspection of military sites An arbitration board consisting of Iran and P5+1 will vote on the request after a 35-65-day process
- Inspectors will be allowed into Parchin military base (where nuclear activity has been suspected)
- Inspectors will be allowed to talk to Iran’s nuclear scientists at Parchin
- Sanctions will “snapback” after 65 days if Iran violates the deal
- The current U.N. weapons embargo will remain in place for five years after which Iran will be able to acquire, sell and provide weapons worldwide without any restrictions
- U.N. restrictions on Iran’s ballistic missile program will remain in place for eight years
The U.N. Security Council is expected to pass a resolution adopting the agreement this month, effectively making the deal international law. The deal must be agreed upon Iran’s National Security Council consisting of the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and his hand-picked supporters, according to Iranian law. The council previously voiced support for an agreement. The Iranian parliament ceded ratification to the council a number of weeks ago.
According to U.S. law, Congress has 60 days to review and ratify the agreement.
The terms of the agreement will be released in their entirety. Preliminary reports say the document is 500 pages long with five annexes for each of the five key components of the agreement.
Sanctions relief is expected to begin in first half of 2016.