President Trumpâ€™s brazen speech in Saudi Arabia is being praised from (almost) all quarters. Its powerful moments will be remembered for years and will reverberate throughout the Middle East. But no speech is perfect.
Here are sevenÂ moments from the speech, starting with what may be the closest President Trump may come to having his â€œTear Down This Wallâ€ moment:
- It is a choice between two futures â€“ and it is a choice America CANNOT make for you.
A better future is only possible if your nations drive out the terrorists and extremists. Drive. Them. Out.Â DRIVE THEM OUT of your places of worship.
DRIVE THEM OUT of your communities.
DRIVE THEM OUT of your holy land, and
DRIVE THEM OUT OF THIS EARTH.
This is strongest statement towards the Muslim world uttered by an American president since 9/11 and perhaps in history. These wordsâ€”and the Trumpian delivery of themâ€”will be remembered for years to come. While eloquent words favored by speechwriters and high-brow elites are usually forgotten, these wonâ€™t be.There are also two clear sub-messages: One, that the Muslim world is not adequately â€œdriving them out,â€ meaning, the Islamists still thrive in mosques, holy lands (which would include Saudi Arabia) and Muslim communities. The enemy are not fringe, undetectable loners. Secondly, donâ€™t outsource your responsibility for this to America.
We wonâ€™t let you scapegoat us and have us respond by apologizing for the grievances you use to excuse yourself from responsibility. This is your problem: Own it.
- Religious leaders must make this absolutely clear: Barbarism will deliver you no glory â€“ piety to evil will bring you no dignity. If you choose the path of terror, your life will be empty, your life will be brief, and YOUR SOUL WILL BE CONDEMNED.Â This is another strike in the ideological war where the Trumpian way of speaking is powerful, especially when you consider how accustomed the Middle East is to the softer diplomatic tone of the West in contrast to the fiery hyperbole that is common place in that part of the world.Trump recognized something crucial: The enemy believes it is pious and is impacted by religious teaching from authoritative figures. Itâ€™s not about anger over foreign policy or joblessness or lack of education. Itâ€™s about piety and a belief that dying in jihad is a guaranteed ticket to Paradise.
- That means honestly confronting the crisis of Islamist extremism and the Islamist terror groups it inspires. And it means standing together against the murder of innocent Muslims, the oppression of women, the persecution of Jews and the slaughter of Christians.
Most of the speech used vague, relative terms like â€œterrorismâ€ and â€œextremism.â€ The focus was almost entirely on ISIS and Iran. But then came this paragraph. President Trump identified the enemy not just as Islamist terrorist groups, but the Islamist extremism foundation necessary for those groups to manifest.Of special note is the line about â€œpersecution of Jews.â€ This was not stated with some moral equivalence about how Israel shares blame for stifling the nationalist aspirations of Palestinians. No, Trump identified anti-Semitism as a central problem outside of the context of Israel. That omission is powerful.
The identification of the enemy as Islamist extremism is refreshing, but as Dr. Daniel Pipes points out, â€œone statement does not a policy make.â€ Even Obama uttered the word â€œjihadistâ€ on a few rare occasions.
The framing of the enemy as Islamism should have been the focal point of the speech, rather than waiting until the middle and the end to use the term. What should have followed was a strategy, with the sticks and carrots, to uproot the sustainers of the ideology so it dissipates into history. A question is left hanging, â€œNow what? What changes?â€
- The true toll of ISIS, Al Qaeda, Hezbollah, Hamas and so many others must be counted not only in the number of dead. It must also be counted in generations of vanished dreams.
The inclusion of Hamas and Hezbollah in this section is very significant. It wasnâ€™t a call for Hamas and Hezbollah to drop terrorism to achieve their goals, as if they are freedom fighters gone astray.The argument wasnâ€™t that their actions are counterproductive: It was that their very existence has sabotaged a potentially promising future from the people of the Middle Eastâ€”not just Palestinians and Lebanese, but everyone. Again he framed the issue not as a consequence of Israel, thus negating claims of Hamas and Hezbollah of being â€œliberationâ€ movements.
- The birthplace of civilization is waiting to begin a new renaissance. Just imagine what tomorrow could bring.
This is a call for a reformation into modernity (as opposed to the â€œreformationâ€ offered by the Islamist movements). President Obama acknowledged this necessityâ€”but he did it in an interview, not in a historical speech to the Muslim world from Saudi Arabia.Ideally, Trump would have given a little more time to describe what is holding back this renaissance beyond a generic attribution to â€œextremism.â€ He should have taken a queue from Egyptian President El-Sisi and consulted with progressive Muslim reformers.
Trump called for â€œgradual change,â€ but failed to mention freedom, even gradually-granted freedom. His team likely worried that the mention of freedom would be interpreted as a synonym for democracy promotion, but caveats could have addressed that. This renaissance and rolling back of Islamism will require greater political and religious freedom, and acknowledging so does not make one an advocate of hasty destabilizations.
- Until the Iranian regime is willing to be a partner for peace, all nations of conscience must work together to isolate Iran, deny it funding for terrorism and pray for the day when the Iranian people have the just and righteous government they deserve.
President Obamaâ€™s attitude towards Iran unnerved our Sunni Arab partners in the region. The heavy focus on Iran should help address that, but the fixation on the Iranian regime seemed to echo the Saudi line that Iran is responsible for practically all of the terrorism and extremism in the region. This let the Sunni side of radical Islam get off easy.The statement about hoping for a better government for the Iranian people is positive, as it at least welcomes regime change.However, it does not signal an American commitment to regime change in Iran or even regime destabilization. President Trumpâ€™s opposition to regime change is clear. To the ears of skeptical Iranians seeking freedom, this will sound like another investment in the hope that the Iranian Â â€œmoderatesâ€ in the regime can slowly gain support in the theocratic system.
- The Sunni governments got off easy.If you listened to the Saudi kingâ€™s speech before Trumpâ€™sâ€”where he said sharia protects innocent life and promotes peace and tolerance [basically engaging in dawa (proselytizing) to the world] â€” youâ€™d see that he was one small step from declaring an American-Sunni jihad on Iran. It gave the impression that the Saudis saw the words of the speech as relating to ISIS and Iran alone, not holding them accountable.Based on the way Trump talked about the Saudis, you would have thought they were modern day Minutemen in need of a motivational speech. I shared Dr. Daniel Pipesâ€™ reaction of â€œgaggingâ€ at the praise he gave to King Salman, who is known to have directly financed jihadists.The massive sale of arms to the Saudis was described as â€œblessed,â€ as if Godâ€™s hand had arranged and approved of the transfer. The Saudisâ€™ opening of a Global Center for Combating Extremist Ideology was praised as â€œgroundbreaking,â€ even though weâ€™ve heard this story over and over and have no details with which to judge it as â€œgroundbreakingâ€ or not. At this point, it’s more like the wolf guarding the hen house.
Qatar and Kuwait, two major financiers of Islamist terrorism and extremism, were praised shortly before Trump praised the Gulf Cooperation Council for blocking terror-financing.
Overall, the speech had tremendous moments, with important subtleties that are important to notice. But the speech was not a launch of an ideological war against Islamism. While it was a great call to action, it was not a plan of action. If this speech is to produce concrete results, the declaration of a bold plan of action must soon follow.
Ryan Mauro is ClarionProject.orgâ€™s Shillman Fellow and national security analyst and an adjunct professor of counter-terrorism. He is frequently interviewed on top-tier television and radio. To invite Ryan to speak, please contact us.